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Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which impacts the large intestine or the colon, is a chronic disorder that affects many people. Gastroenterologists identify four types of irritable bowel syndrome: a. IBS-C, which is IBS with constipation b. IBS-D or IBS with diarrhea c. IBS-M or mixed IBS, which is an alternating pattern of constipation and diarrhea d. IBS-U or un-subtyped IBS, which refers to people who do not fit into any of the types above Besides what studies show that IBS occurs in women much more often than in men, or that the colon gets hypersensitive and overreacts to mild stimulation causing bowel muscles spasm that leads to diarrhea or constipation, medical professionals have no definite findings as to what really causes IBS symptoms. The symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome vary from one person to another, the most common, according to the GastroCare LI center, include: Mucus in the stool; Violent episodes of diarrhea Constipation Constipation alternating with diarrhea Gas and bloated feeling Belly pains or cramps Changes in bowel movement patterns Harder or looser stools than normal Though IBS doesn’t necessarily have a cure and no single treatment works for everyone, the following can help manage the symptoms on a daily basis. Lifestyle changes Stress management Medications Probiotics Talk therapy Mindfulness training Diet and nutrition counseling The following medications may also help treat IBS: Antispasmodics, which can control colon muscle spasms; Antidiarrheal drugs, which may help with diarrhea; Laxatives, which relieves constipation; Antidepressants (since stress can worsen IBS symptoms); Linaclotide (Linzess), which is a capsule that relieves constipation by making bowel movements happen more often, however, this drug is not for anyone 17 years old or younger; and, Lubiprostone (Amitiza), which can help treat IBS with constipation in women (it has side effects, though, which include nausea, diarrhea, belly pain, fainting, swelling of the arms and legs, breathing problems,...
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